Green architecture, or green design, is an approach to building that minimizes harmful effects on human health and the environment. The “green” architect or designer attempts to safeguard air, water, and earth by choosing eco-friendly building materials and construction practices.
To design, construct, operate and maintain buildings energy, water and new materials are utilized as well as amounts of waste causing negative effects to health and environment is generated. In order to limit these effects and design environmentally sound and resource efficient buildings; “green building systems” must be introduced, clarified, understood and practiced.
An architect should be able to tell and advise a client what makes a building energy efficient. He should also be able to translate the client’s ideas into reality, using both common architectural sense, and the most up to date technology and methods. This might include solar panels, thermal mass building construction, green materials, including wood, stone, etc.
Of course, the costs of creating a living building today are very high. Achieving net-zero can be especially costly, and stands out as one of the biggest obstacles to greater interest in the living building concept.
People should encourage innovative fusions of architecture with landscape—where trees and plants become as much a part of architectural design as construction materials.
Also, in 21st Century, buildings can be most successful when they respond to multiple senses—meaning that truly green design engages touch, smell, and hearing as well as sight in the design of buildings and public spaces.
Increasing numbers of people seek new relationships between their shelter and the broader ecosystem. This growing motivation is one of the most promising signs in the development of this step. Overall, Green architectural design should not be an add-on. It should be the way of doing the business of creating a built environment. The opportunities exist to design beautiful, energy efficient and environmentally friendly residences and workplaces that demonstrate our human ability to adapt to and peacefully live within the ecology of the natural world.